Green fuels are to replace fossil fuels in the future, which means immense changes to current infrastructure in order to support the green transition. On top of this, stakeholders look towards establishing hydrogen valleys to improve the economics and logistics of green fuels. Hydrogen valleys are appealing, because they connect and cluster together multiple applications into an integrated hydrogen ecosystem. Much of this is still in the theoretical stage, as many details of how to establish and operate such a system are unexplored.
The NordicH2ubs project aims to pave the way for Nordic hydrogen valleys by 2030 and 2040. Its purpose is to examine the foundation for the establishment and operation of hydrogen valleys in Nordic countries, focusing on hydrogen technology demonstration, safety and standardization, socio-economic barriers, and energy systems for hydrogen valleys. The project brings together researchers, industry leaders, government entities, and funding agencies to conduct case studies and address key elements for a successful development of Nordic hydrogen valleys.
DBI participates in the NordicH2ubs project as a fire safety expert, conducting a safety investigation of Hydrogen Refueling Stations (HRS), especially in ports, with a focus on understanding potential risks and consequences of fire and explosion incidents involving hydrogen. The study seeks to gain insight into the effects and outcomes of such incidents in the context of hydrogen valleys.
DBI will also review the design and logistical aspects of HRSs to identify technical challenges and outline potential solutions. We plan to utilize simulations to model the operation of the stations, helping us to enhance safety features from the early stages of design through development, optimization, and regular operations.
The NordicH2ubs project is coordinated by SINTEF Industry and includes three universities (NTNU, Chalmers, and Aalborg), two research institutes (SINTEF and VTT), and nine industry partners (INE, Alleima, Kemira, Norwegian Hydrogen, Greenstat, Everfuel, Aalborg Forsyning, Volvo, and Þrymur HF), and DBI.
The project began in August 2023, and concludes September in 2026.